Policies for Low-Carbon Markets


Advancing Energy Efficiency Governance

Improving the structure and practices of administrating and implementing energy efficiency policies in China

By partnering with the most influential think tanks in China, this high-profile project aims to provide key central government policy-makers with a complete set of recommendations offering practical ideas and concrete strategies to the Chinese government for strengthening energy efficiency governance, administration, and implementation based on identifying existing policy gaps in China and reviewing international best practices.

Transforming Institutions with Green Labeling

Developing and implementing a national labeling program targeting energy-consuming institutions to reduce emissions and improve energy use in China

China's current approach of using energy consumption per unit production as a way to evaluate energy-consuming institutions in energy efficiency could fail to provide actionable guidelines to institutions on how to effectively improve their energy use. Efforts have been made at the local and national level in China to create Energy Efficiency Star (EES) labeling programs, a scheme that is already being used in the manufacturing city of Suzhou, which use comprehensive metrics to rate overall performance of local enterprises in energy efficiency technology and energy management. The China Energy Group has been promoting and analyzing international best practices from various labeling programs for years. For this project, we utilize our expertise to help our Chinese partners create a dynamitic green labeling program to increase energy efficiency and reduce emissions.

Triggering Sea Change via Industrial Boilers

Developing a comprehensive national boiler plan in China and capturing the co-benefits of emissions reductions and energy improvements

There are over 1 million boilers that are operational in China and 80% are fueled by coal. Reforming China's extensive use of coal-burning industrial boilers through policy development and technology improvement will be vital in addressing China's air pollution. China is developing a national policy framework to tackle the energy and environmental problems associated with coal-fired industrial boilers. The framework will guide the nation to develop enabling policies, launch new programs, and adopt advanced technologies and best practices to minimize the environmental impacts of coal-burning boilers.

The U.S. has taken a comprehensive approach by using boiler emissions reduction targets to drive efforts towards more ambitious goals such as switching to cleaner fuels, identifying more reduction opportunities in the steam and heat systems, and facilitating more efficient use of resources such as combined heat and power. For this project, LBNL will work with government and institutions in China to learn from U.S. experiences and recommend measures and strategies based on combining policy intervention and technology advancement to trigger a wave of environmentally-friendly practices.

Capturing Co-Benefits through Smart Grid-Enabled Demand Response

Capturing co-benefits of load reduction and increased use of renewable energy and distributed resources through demand response policy and technology

The evolution of smart grids has made demand response (DR) a viable demand-side resource in meeting energy needs. DR utilizes price stimulation, financial incentives, or reliability signals to induce energy consumers to change their electricity usage habits. If developed strategically, DR programs could achieve multiple objectives including peak load reduction, energy savings, and improved gird integration of renewable and distributed resources. The China Energy Group brings LBNL's expertise on DSM and DR to assist China in the implementation of national DSM city pilot programs and to develop a holistic approach to carry out an effective DR program through a combination of policy and technology applications in the pilot cities.

Research Lead(s)