Energy Efficiency in Cities
As China rapidly urbanizes, low-carbon city development has become an increasingly important policy area. We are helping to plan and implement projects that can help reduce energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions in cities.
Since low carbon development is relatively new area in China, the China Energy Group has undertaken a number of projects to develop and introduce resources and tools to local Chinese policymakers. Building on studies of international and Chinese experiences and best practices, we have developed resources including guidebooks, adaptable guidelines and simplified strategies to help inform city governments on policy options and strategies for effective low carbon development.
The 2012 guidebook Strategies for Local Low Carbon Development, for example, provides information for government officials, policymakers, city planners and others who want an overview of the key options available for low-carbon development at local level. Developed in collaboration with China’s Energy Research Institute and Energy Foundation China, the guidebook draws from successful experiences around the world.
The China Energy Group has also developed and tested a low-carbon indicator system and the ELITE-Cities tool to help cities measure progress towards becoming a low carbon eco-city, benchmarking performance against other cities. We have created two modeling tools, GREAT and Urban RAM, to help local policymakers evaluate potential low carbon emission pathways at a city level and assess a city’s energy and carbon footprints, even with limited data availability.
More recently, we developed the Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool for Low Carbon Cities (BEST Cities) tool to benchmark cities against 35 key performance indicators with international comparison values and to provide more than 70 policy or program recommendations that cities can adopt. The BEST Cities tool was recently awarded a R&D 100 Award. We also recently developed a China Green Low-Carbon City Index (CGLCI, or City Index) to evaluate the status of green and low-carbon development for a large number of Chinese cities. The new China City Index benchmarks and ranks the energy use and carbon emissions of Chinese cities, along with environmental and socio-economic indicators, in terms of their status and progress, identified potential areas for improvement, and identified top-runners. We have introduced our low-carbon eco-city development resource guides and provided training on our various tools to over 400 government officials, urban planners and researchers in central, provincial, and city governments throughout China.