Data, Modeling & Pathways
Researchers at the China Energy Group have developed and continually refined a detailed, bottom-up China Energy End-Use Model to evaluate potential future low-emission pathways for China. Begun in 2005 in response to a growing policy focus in the Chinese government on energy efficiency, the model has been used to:
- Perform detailed energy and emissions analyses at national, sectoral and technology levels
- Conduct retrospective and prospective sectoral and cross-cutting policy impact evaluation
- Evaluate demand and supply options
- Develop medium- and long-term outlooks for low-emissions pathways
Our research has focused on a range of policy impacts across the buildings, industrial and transport sectors. We have analyzed the environmental impacts of CO2 and SO2 co-controls, and we have developed comprehensive energy and emissions outlooks to 2030 and 2050 for China. The China Energy Group also is working jointly with China’s Energy Research Institute, the Rocky Mountain Institute and the Energy Foundation to build a new model for evaluating the maximum energy efficiency gains and CO2 emissions reductions China could achieve by 2050 as a key element of the Reinventing Fire: China project.
Local impacts in cities are another focus. To this end, we've developed the Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT), which helps local governments explore potential energy and emission reduction opportunities and create action plans for low carbon development. Users such as energy policy analysts and researchers can customize the model to a given city or region by entering detailed data.
Another objective is recognizing the critical "Energy-Water Nexus" and the goal to contribute to a nation's transition to more resilient, integrated, water-energy systems, resulting in availability and sustainable co-management of these precious resources.
Additionally, "Low-Carbon Financing" identifies structures for institutional investors to deploy capital in low-carbon technologies and solutions at the scale necessary to limit climate change.