|Title||Development of an End-Use Sector- Based Low-Carbon Indicator System for Cities in China|
|Publication Type||Conference Proceedings|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Lynn K Price, Nan Zhou, David Fridley, Hongyou Lu, Nina Zheng, Cecilia Fino-Chen, Stephanie Ohshita|
|Series Editor||Nina Khanna|
|Conference Name||ACEEE’s 2012 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings|
|Publisher||American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy|
|Conference Location||Pacific Grove, California, U.S.A.|
|Keywords||12th five-year plan, buildings, China Energy, China Energy Group, CO2 emissions, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Division, International Energy Department, Low Carbon Eco-City Development, low carbon indicator, policy studies|
In 2009, China committed to reducing its carbon dioxide intensity (CO2/unit of gross domestic product, GDP) by 40 to 45 percent by 2020 from a 2005 baseline. In March 2011, China's 12th Five-Year Plan established a carbon intensity reduction goal of 17% between 2011 and 2015. China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) then announced the selection of five provinces and eight cities to pilot low carbon development work. Macro-level indicators of low carbon development, such as energy use or CO2 emissions per unit of GDP or per capita may be too aggregated to be meaningful measurements of whether a city or province is truly "low carbon". Instead, indicators based on energy end-use sectors (industry, residential, commercial, transport) offer a better approach for defining "low carbon" and for taking action to reduce energy-related carbon emissions.
This paper presents and tests a methodology for the development of an end-use sector-based low carbon indicator system at the city level, providing initial results for an end-use low carbon indicator system based on data available at the municipal levels. The paper consists of a discussion of macro-level indicators that are typically used for inter-city, regional, or inter-country comparisons; the methodology used to develop a more robust low carbon indicator system for China; and the results of this indicator system. The research concludes with a discussion of issues encountered during the development of the end-use sector-based low-carbon indicator, followed by recommendations for future improvement.