International Technology Transfer for Climate Change Mitigation and the Case of Russia and China

TitleInternational Technology Transfer for Climate Change Mitigation and the Case of Russia and China
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsEric Martinot, Jonathan E Sinton, Brent M Haddad
JournalAnnual Review Energy Environment
Number22
Pagination357-401
Date Published1997
Keywordscapacity building, energy efficiency, foreign direct investment, renewable energy, technology diffusion
Abstract

The environmental agenda for mitigating climate change through international transfers of technology is linked with a diverse literature, reviewed here within a framework that combines technological, agent/agenda, and market/transaction perspectives. Literature that bears on international technology transfer for climate change mitigation is similar in many ways for Russia and China: opportunities for energy efficiency and renewable energy, economic reform and restructuring,the difficulties enterprises face in responding to market conditions, international assistance policies, international joint ventures, market intermediation, and capacity building for market development. In both countries, capacity building means enhancing market-oriented capabilities in addition to technological capabilities. For Russia, institutional development is critical, such as new commercial legal codes and housing-sector changes beyond privatization. For China, technology policies and modernization programs significantly influence technology transfers.