Low Carbon Development for Cities: Methods and Measures

TitleLow Carbon Development for Cities: Methods and Measures
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsStephanie Ohshita, Nan Zhou, Lynn K Price, David Fridley, Nina Khanna, Lixuan Hong, Hongyou Lu, Cecilia Fino-Chen, Gang He
EditorJinyue Yan
Book TitleHandbook of Clean Energy Systems
NumberSustainability of Energy Systems
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Ltd
CityChichester, UK
ISBN Number9781118388587
KeywordsChina Energy, China Energy Group, climate action plan, Climate change mitigation, emissions inventory methods, Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Division, energy efficiency, indicators and benchmarking, International Energy Department, low carbon city, low carbon development, Low Carbon Eco-City Development

Cities consume more than 60% of global energy and that share is rising with the rapid rate of urbanization. With cities playing a crucial role in sustainable energy and climate systems, this article examines emerging efforts by cities around the world to shift to a development pattern with less energy and less carbon. We review metrics that define a low carbon city and present key steps in low carbon development. We examine city-level inventory methods and target setting. Much of the article is devoted to examples of policy measures that cities are pursuing to save energy and carbon, from net-zero buildings and 20-min neighborhoods to distributed and renewable urban energy supply.