Focused research benefits U.S., world partners
Over the next 20 years, China’s transportation energy use is expected to significantly
increase from its current 10% share of national energy consumption to become the fastest
growing sector of energy consumption.
China is already the world’s largest car consumer,
accounting for over a quarter of new car sales and nearly half of electric vehicle sales in 2017.
To help slow this unprecedented import-dependent growth in transport demand for oil, China has
adopted more stringent fuel economy standards to improve passenger and freight vehicle
efficiency, promoted natural gas vehicles and established pilot subsidy programs for high
efficiency, plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles. Yet China remains the world’s largest net oil
We have done significant research into the transportation question in China, utilizing best
practices from the U.S. and beyond. We have developed a comprehensive, technology and end-
use based energy demand and CO 2 emission outlook of China’s passenger and freight transport
and used it to evaluate the impact of transport efficiency and fuel switching on China’s growing
domestic oil and gas supply-demand gap and implications for the global oil and gas markets.
Understanding the growth of Chinese transportation demand benefits the U.S. by highlighting important findings for
other emerging economies as well as global automakers and vehicle manufacturers, thereby benefiting U.S. industry
China's fast-growing transport sector will more than double demand for oil and will constitute an
important component to the growth of national energy demand, despite significant efficiency
improvements, electrification and growing shares of natural gas vehicles. Freight road transport –
and not private passenger transport – will be the largest driver of future transport energy demand,
with heavy-duty trucks alone consuming more energy than all passenger vehicles by 2030.