China 2050 Demand Resources Energy Analysis Model (DREAM)

The China 2050 DREAM model has a demand module consisting of five demand subsectors (residential buildings, commercial buildings, industry, transport, and agriculture) and a transformation module consisting of energy production, transmission, and distribution subsectors. Using the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) platform, the China 2050 DREAM model captures diffusion of end-use technologies and macroeconomic and sector-specific drivers of energy demand as well as the energy required to extract fossil fuels and produce energy and a power sector with distinct generation dispatch algorithms.

The China Energy Group has used the China 2050 DREAM model to characterize past and future Chinese energy consumption, evaluate the energy and emissions impact of specific policies in the buildings, industrial, transportation, and power sector, analyze the environmental impacts of CO2 and SO2 co-controls, and perform policy and technical efficiency scenario analysis. We have also previously developed medium- and long-term energy and emissions scenarios to 2030 and 2050 for China, and evaluated the potential gaps between domestic energy supply and demand. In addition, the model has also been used to assess conventional, non-fossil, and non-conventional supply options for China and their potential contributions to future low-emissions pathways. Most recently, the China Energy Group has further refined and aligned modeling methodologies and assumptions of the DREAM Model in joint collaboration with China's Energy Research Institute and Rocky Mountain Institute on the Reinventing Fire: China project to evaluate the maximum energy efficiency and CO2 emissions reductions available both in terms of technology and policy in China in 2050.

Please note that the China 2050 DREAM model is a dynamic model that is continuously updated, refined, and used by China Energy Group staff for various analyses and thus not downloadable, but we are always open to future collaboration opportunities in modeling applications.