A clean-power future benefits the U.S., China and the world
The China Energy Group conducts joint technical research, pilot demonstrations, and policy analysis on power sector market reform, demand response (DR) and demand-side management (DSM), integration of renewable energy, distributed energy resources (DER), and microgrids with partners in both the U.S. and China.
China's government has begun mandating higher efficiency and new technology on its grid. At the end of 2010, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) required utilities to develop efficiency programs and load management systems, setting annual savings targets. A fund to support DSM pilots in Beijing, Suzhou, Tangshan and Foshan was established in July 2012, and the National Energy Administration (NEA) is planning 30 microgrid demonstrations.
We are working with China to conduct benefits analysis of microgrid demonstration projects (two in each country). We are also using Berkeley Lab's Distributed Energy Resource Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) to help optimize design and operation of microgrids, especially in buildings. Our team members have lectured widely on microgrid principles, and the China Energy Group is working with various parties involved in microgrid development and demonstrations.
Demand Response (DR)
In the area of DR, we are conducting joint end-to-end DR automation testing to demonstrate the integration of utility DR management systems, DR products, and end-use control sequences with standards-based DR signals to accelerate acceptance of manufactured DR products in both countries (sponsored by DOE’s Office of Electricity). In this area, we are also conducting studies to develop recommendations on enhancing DR value by integrating DR into power system dispatch procedures, maximizing DR potential through tapping opportunities beyond peak load reduction, and creating roles for load aggregators to deliver greater DR. Our research in this area also focuses on examining how effective tariffs and compensation incentives help increase DR in US and China.
In the area of power sector reform collaboration, our research, sponsored by the State Department’s Bureau of Energy Resources, focuses on relevant U.S. and Chinese experiences on renewable energy utilization, DR, and retail market choices, with a view towards China's replicating lessons learned across provinces. The activities include information-gathering on, and visit/exchanges that explore, current conditions and challenges in each pilot province/city, assessing specific pilot challenges, recommendations, and joint development of policy recommendations on the pilots and broader, market-opening reforms in China's power sector.